Flora & Fauna

Flora & Fauna

About 10 to 15% of the total land area of New Zealand is covered with native flora, from tall kauri and kohekohe forests to rainforest dominated by rimu, beech, tawa, matai and rata; ferns and flax; dunelands with their spinifex and pingao; alpine and subalpine herb fields; and scrub and tussock.

Scientists are now realising the extent to which distinct species occur only in small highly localised areas.

Important species at Tangiaro include kauri, rata, nikau, silver fern, mamaku (black tree fern), medicinal herbs, kawakawa, koromiko and harakeke (flax). 

The New Zealand bush is evergreen and many species flower or fruit in both autumn and spring. Most Maori healing was administered using tonics & salves derived from the leaves, roots and bark of the bush.

Some of the most important species in Coromandel are the North Island kiwi, Hochstetter frog, pateke (brown teal), weta (giant grasshopper), centipede, Archie's frog, kereru (wood pigeon), tui, kaka, bellbird, fantail and banded rail.  




Endangered Species

Since the arrival of man and other exotic predators to New Zealand, the delicate ecosystems of the New Zealand bush have become severely altered.

This has come at the expense of many species which are now either severely threatened or extinct.

We have ongoing programmes in place to reintroduce and protect rare and endangered species on Tangiaro. The upper Coromandel Peninsula is home to several ancient species.

Regrettably, without these measures our native forests would soon become silent - devoid of birdsong and home to increasing numbers of dead trees.