Flora & Fauna
About 10 to 15% of the total land area of New Zealand is covered with native flora, from tall kauri and kohekohe forests to rainforest dominated by rimu, beech, tawa, matai and rata; ferns and flax; dunelands with their spinifex and pingao; alpine and subalpine herb fields; and scrub and tussock.
Important species at Tangiaro Kiwi Retreat include:
• Kauri • Rata • Nikau • Silver Fern • Mamaku (Black Tree Fern) • Medicinal herbs: Kawakawa • Koromiko, harakeke (Flax)
The New Zealand bush is evergreen and many species flower or fruit in both Autumn and Spring. Most Maori healing was administered using tonics & salves derived from the leaves, roots and bark of the bush.
Some of the most important species in Coromandel are:
• North Island Kiwi • Hochstetter Frog • Brown Teal (Pateke) • Weta (giant grasshopper) • Centipede • Archie's Frog • Wood Pigeon (Kereru) • Tui • Kaka • Bellbird • Fantail • Banded Rail
Scientists are now realising the extent to which distinct species occur only in small highly localised areas.